challah rolls

23rd February 2021

Challah is a type of yeasted bread popular in Jewish cuisine, it is similar to a brioche but with no dairy. Challah usually contains egg, however, like my other challah recipes, this one is vegan –  light, fluffy, dairy and egg-free. Before baking, I brush the dough with oat milk and top it with sesame seeds. 

These rolls might seem a lot of work because they are small and braided but they are actually very easy to make. The shaping isn’t difficult at all, if anything they are a lot of fun. They are even a great project to do with young children! I have put a link below so you can see how the braiding is done or go to @goodnessis Instagram stories.

challah rolls

Preparation 2½ – 3 hours

Baking time 25 minutes

Makes 8 small challah rolls

The recipe uses a mixer with a dough hook, but you can easily use your hands.

dough ingredients 

2 Tbsp/20g flaxseed

1 cup + 2 Tbsp (246g) oat or nut milk

6 Tbsp/60g olive oil

1 tsp active dry yeast

1¼ cups/150g whole spelt flour

2¼ cups/350g white spelt flour

¼ cup/40g light brown sugar

1 tsp fine rock salt

toppings

oat milk, for brushing

sesame and poppy seeds

preparation 

1.  In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook attachment, whisk together the flaxseeds with warm oat milk, oil and yeast. Leave it to sit for 10 minutes, undisturbed until the mixture foams, about 5 – 6 minutes.

2.  Add the flour, sugar and salt to the yeast and milk mixture, turn the machine onto the lowest setting and knead on medium speed for about 5 – 10 minutes.  The dough should be elastic and smooth.  If the dough seems too sticky, add more flour, a tablespoon at a time or if too dry, add more liquid, a teaspoon at a time. The dough should feel tacky but shouldn’t stick to your hands.

3.  Cover with a damp tea towel and allow the dough to sit in a warm place for 1 – 1½ hours until well risen and doubled in size.

plaiting the dough

4.  Take out the dough and divide it into eight equal pieces, approximately 110g each.  Using your palms, and starting from the center and working outward, elongate 1 piece by rolling it gently against the work surface with even pressure until you have formed a rope approx 40-cm long.  

For easy braiding instructions, refer to this video – jump to 1:02 mins.

5.  Place the strand onto the work surface and bring the end piece around and pinch it into the middle of the strand so that it looks like a number 6. Then take the long strand and bring it over the top and through the loop, allow it to hang while you gently pull and twist the loop into a figure 8. Take the strand, and bring it from underneath and over the right side so that it tucks down into the bottom of the figure of 8. Gently pinch it underneath.

6. Place on a baking tray and repeat with the remaining 7 pieces. Brush with oat milk and sprinkle with poppy and sesame seeds.

7.  Cover loosely with an oiled plastic wrap or a damp tea towel and set aside in a warm place to rise for 1 – 1½ hours.

8.  About 15 minutes before the dough has finished rising, preheat an oven to 180C/350F.  Remove the plastic wrap or towel and bake for 25 minutes, or until golden brown. Rotate the tray halfway through. Allow to fully cool down before cutting into them.

variation

  • 6 rolls – divide into 6 pieces, approx. 145g each – roll to 45 cm.
  • 10 rolls – divide into 10 pieces, approx. 90g each – roll to 35 cm.
  • You can leave the dough rising overnight. After the first rise, when the dough has doubled, store it in the fridge covered with plastic wrap. The next morning leave at room temperature for an hour and then resume braiding.
  • You can make them pull-apart rolls: place the shaped rolls into a lined baking dish close to one another, so they touch each other after the second rise/baking.

note

  • Make sure to divide the dough into evenly sized portions for even baking.

 

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

sesame cake (vegan)

27th January 2021

“This cake gets a double dose of sesame, with tahini and sesame seeds in the batter and lots of crunchy sesame seeds to coat the pan, too” – Yossy Arefi. 

It’s simple to make as it only uses one bowl. To ensure even mixing, use the edge of a whisk to scrape the bottom and sides of the bowl. For best results, make sure you use a traditional brand of tahini that is runny and smooth. I like baking this in an 8-inch square pan to be cut into tidy squares for gifting to friends.

~ holy basil

~ holy Brahmin cow

~ frangipani tree

~ offerings

sesame cake

Preparation 15 minutes

Baking 35 – 40 minutes

Serves 10 – 12

Recipe slightly adapted from Snacking Cakes by Yossy Arefi.

ingredients

6 Tbsp/50g sesame seeds (a combination of black and white is nice) – divided

3 Tbsp/22g ground flaxseed

¾ cup/170g oat/almond milk

¾ cup/150g plus 1 Tbsp light brown/blond sugar – divided

½ cup/120g smooth runny tahini, well stirred

¼ cup/50g neutral oil, like canola or grapeseed

1 tsp vanilla extract

¾ tsp fine rock salt

1¼ cups/160g all-purpose flour

1½ tsp baking powder

¼ tsp baking soda

½ tsp cardamom powder (freshly ground)

dried rose petals (optional)

preparation

1.  Preheat the oven to 180C/350F. Oil a sheet of parchment paper and line it in an 8-inch square baking pan, then sprinkle 2 tablespoons sesame seeds on the bottom and 1-inch up the sides.

2. In a large bowl, whisk together the flaxseeds and milk, allow to sit for 10 minutes, then add the sugar, tahini, oil, vanilla, and salt. Whisk until smooth.

3. Add the flour, 3 Tbsp of the sesame seeds, baking powder, baking soda and cardamom. Whisk until well combined and smooth.

4. Pour the batter into the lined pan, tap gently on the counter to release any air bubbles, and smooth the top. Sprinkle the remaining sugar and sesame seeds on top.

5. Bake until golden, and a tester comes out clean, 35 – 40 minutes. Allow to cool for 15 minutes before removing from the pan. Allow to cool completely before serving, otherwise, it may crumble. It’s optional to sprinkle with rose petals when serving.

flavour variations

peach and raspberry sesame cake: Slice 1 small pitted peach over the top, scatter ½ cup/70g fresh raspberries over the top, then sprinkle with sugar and sesame seeds.

chocolate and sesame cake: Fold ½ cup/85g chopped chocolate/carob into the batter.

use another pan

loaf: Bake in a 9 x 5-inch loaf pan. (45 mins)

round: Bake in a 9-inch round pan. (35 – 40 mins)

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

cornbread date muffins (vegan)

11th January 2021

It’s been cold here, and our heating system along with the hot water boiler shut down on Friday, so the weekend was spent huddled around the fireplace dressed in layers, coats and wearing three pairs of socks! It was sunny and bright though, so yesterday we drove to our favourite lookout for a walk and filled two Ikea bags with pinecones, making it back before the 1 o’clock curfew.  I added some pinecones to the fire, turned the oven on for extra warmth and baked these muffins.

I love the grittiness of the cornmeal and the sweet addition of the dates. Slather them in butter with strawberry jam as you would a scone. The extra sweetness from the jam gives a perfect balance of sweet!

cornbread date muffins

Preparation 45 minutes

Serves 7 muffins (I use these sized baking cups)

Recipe from here.

ingredients

6 pitted Medjool dates (120g)

½ cup/100g boiling water

2 heaped Tbsp/18g ground flaxseed

3 Tbsp/30g melted coconut oil

1 cup/225g unsweetened warmed oat/rice milk

¾ cup/120g medium-ground yellow cornmeal (can use polenta)

¾ cup/90g white spelt flour

2 tbsp/15g coconut sugar/brown sugar

1 Tbsp baking powder

¼ tsp fine rock salt

preparation

1. Preheat the oven to 180C/350F. Place 7 baking cups in your muffin tray. Set aside.

2. Put the dates and ground flaxseed in a medium bowl and pour in the boiling water – allow to soak for 10 minutes.

3. Then add in the melted coconut oil and proceed to mash the dates with a fork, until mostly creamy but with a few chunks remaining – this can also be done in a food processor. Gradually add in the warmed oat milk and whisk until well combined.

4. Add in the cornmeal, flour, sugar, baking powder, and salt. Mix with a fork until the wet and dry are well combined.

5. Spoon the batter into the prepared muffin cups, distributing it evenly among them (they should be full).

6. Bake for 25 – 30 minutes or until the muffins are golden. Let cool in the tin for about 10 minutes, then transfer to a wire rack to cool.

Serve them with butter and honey or almond butter and homemade jam.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

double ginger molasses cookies (vegan)

26th December 2020

These cookies are soft and chewy on the inside and crispy around the edges. This is achieved in the baking by keeping the cookies dough round, rather than pressing them flat. The taller you make the dough the chewier the centre. The bottom of the cookie dough bakes first, spreads out and the top remains thick and chewy in the middle. I added finely chopped crystallized ginger for added texture and zing.  If wanting to make the cookies less sweet, skip the process of rolling in sugar. However, the cracking effect on the cookies will not be achieved. This happens when the cookies are rolled in granulated sugar (I use a combination of granulated blond sugar and brown sugar). 

Happy Holidays and Happy Baking!

double ginger molasses cookies

Preparation 20 minutes

Makes 14 cookies

Recipe adapted from here.

ingredients

1 cup/120g white spelt flour

½ tsp baking soda

½ tsp baking powder

1 tsp ginger powder

½ tsp cinnamon powder

¼ tsp ground nutmeg

2 Tbsp/20g finely chopped crystallized ginger

⅓ cup/70g soft coconut oil (not melted) or vegan butter

¼ cup/20g brown sugar or coconut sugar

¼ cup/80g light coloured molasses (if using a dark molasses, use only 30g and add 50g date syrup)

1 Tbsp water

granulated brown sugar, for rolling

preparation

1. Preheat oven to 180C/350F. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper and set aside.

2. In a medium bowl, whisk together the flour, baking soda, baking powder, ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg and crystallized ginger. Set aside.

3. With a hand beater or whisk, beat together the oil, sugar, molasses and water until creamy. Fold in the flour mixture until combine. It will seem dry at first; keep mixing until all the flour is incorporated. (If your cookie dough is too wet,the coconut oil was not solid enough. To fix this, cover and place in the freezer for 10 minutes.)

4. Scoop a spoon of dough (approx 20g) and roll into a ball, then into the sugar, place on the prepared baking sheet and bake 13 – 15 minutes until golden. Rotate the tray halfway through cooking. Allow to cool on the baking sheet.

tips

  • Avoid using blackstrap molasses in baking. It is very strong and bitter and will impart an unfavourable taste. Use a light tasting molasses and if not available, combine dark molasses and date syrup (silan) which will soften the taste making it perfect for baking. 
  • If your coconut oil is too liquid, the cookies will bake up flat. Place the measured amount in the freezer until solid – you want it to be solid, but just slightly soft enough for cutting.

 

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

an exceptional zingy-ginger-sweet-lemon dressing

15th November 2020

This is a dressing I make a lot. It has a fresh, light cleansing quality to it. My favourite way of using it is poured over a vibrant beetroot and carrot salad (see below) which is a simplified version of this salad. It has become a ‘goodnessis’ signature dish when served alongside coriander leaf vanghi bath, vegetable bath, or this whole moong dal. The combinations and flavours complement each other.

I am always up early, to enjoy the quiet of the house and the stillness of the garden.

Each morning the mist materializes, holding us in until midday, it clears and reappears at the end of the day; then repeats itself the next day- shifting our perception from one moment to the next.

an exceptional-zingy-ginger-sweet-lemon dressing

ingredients

2 Tbsp/20g grated ginger

3 Tbsp/30g olive oil

3 Tbsp/50g agave or honey

¼ cup/52g lemon juice

¼ tsp fine rock salt

preparation

1. Whisk the dressing ingredients in a small jug with a fork.  Allow to sit for 10 minutes for the flavours to develop.

My favourite way of serving it is to peel equal amounts of beetroot and carrots (depending on the number of people), then using a mandoline, grate the beetroot, then the carrots into a salad bowl. Do not mix just yet. Sprinkle over a generous amount of toasted sesame seeds. When ready to serve, pour the desired amount of dressing over the salad and gently lift to mix the colours and distribute the dressing.

The key to the success of this salad is the right size shavings. Don’t be tempted into using a hand grater as it will produce a sloppier mix that loses its appeal.  Use a mandolin if you have, alternatively you can use the largest grate in the food processor or a knife and cut very, very thin matchstick gratings.

~

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

salted tahini caramel balls (vegan)

9th October 2020

These lovely luxurious bite-sized balls of salted tahini caramel are so satisfying after a meal.  They are covered in a simple sweet maple glaze with equal amounts of maple syrup and coconut oil. When the cold balls get dipped into the glaze it instantly hardens creating magic!

VIOLAS in the garden, add them to salads, desserts, or fruit. They happily self-sow and despite their delicate appearance, violas are fairly robust.  Sow early spring, then again in late summer, to ensure violas throughout the winter.

salted tahini caramel balls

Inspired by this recipe.

Makes 15 small balls

dough ingredients

⅔ cup/60g dried shredded coconut

⅔ cup/130g medjool dates (approx 7 dates)

⅓ cup/80g tahini

⅛ tsp fine rock salt

⅓ cup/50g TOASTED pistachio or almonds

glaze ingredients

2 Tbsp/30g coconut oil

2 Tbsp/35g maple syrup

½ tsp vanilla extract

preparation

1. Make the dough: place the coconut, dates, tahini, and salt in a food processor or high-speed blender for 1 minute, scraping down the sides halfway through. Add the toasted nuts and blitz 3 – 4 times until well incorporated. If the dough is still too crumbly to form into balls, depending on the quality of your tahini, add 1 tablespoon of water.

2. Roll into balls, approximately 20g each, you should have 15 balls. Place in the freezer for 1 hour.

3. Meanwhile, make the glaze: melt the coconut oil on low heat, turn off the heat, then whisk in the syrup and vanilla. It will combine into a thin caramel-consistency. Set aside.

4. Once the balls are frozen, take out of the freezer. It is important that the balls are very cold to help the glaze harden. Place a toothpick in each ball and dip into the glaze, place on a cardboard box until the glaze hardens. Whisk the glaze each time before dipping the balls. Once set, re-dip them until the glaze is used up. Towards the end, you may need to place the glazed balls back in the freezer for 15 minutes and heat the glaze slightly again, then continue re-dipping.

5. The balls can be kept in the fridge for 10 days or up to 1 month in the freezer.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

a quick way with courgettes (zucchinis)

29th September 2020

“This is very useful when you need a vegetable in a hurry: you cut them in short pieces and toss them in a pan of hot olive oil, then leave them to tender, when they are golden at the edges, season with salt and pepper and lemon juice.”

Serve them alongside your favourite pasta dish, pongal, dal, rice, over sourdough bread or as croutons like in this tomato soup.

a quick way with courgettes

Inspired from Tender by Nigel Slater

Preparation 10 minutes

Serves 2 – 3, as a side dish

ingredients

2 Tbsp olive oil

2 medium courgettes (zucchinis), cut into short diagonal pieces

salt and pepper, to season

zest and juice of a lemon

scattering of hand-torn herbs

preparation

1. Heat the oil over medium heat, add the courgettes, zest of one lemon and season well with salt and pepper.

2. Toss in the pan, for 5 minutes, until golden around the edges.

3. Stir in a handful of finely chopped herbs; fennel, coriander, parsley and thyme. Season again with salt and pepper and a squeeze of lemon juice.

Serve immediately.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

round challah for Rosh Hashana (vegan)

15th September 2020

Round challahs are traditionally baked for the Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashana, to symbolize the continuity of life – and on Rosh Hashana, we dip challah and apples in honey to symbolize our hopes for a sweet New Year. For this reason, Rosh Hashana challahs are often sweeter than those served the rest of the year. Some add more sugar than they normally do to the dough, other add raisins, or sprinkle cinnamon and sugar.

May this coming year be filled with sweet blessings and may it bring you closer to your own inner HAPPINESS.

round challah for Rosh Hashana

If wanting to make this a traditional three braided challah – click here for instructions on how to braid.

Preparation – 2½ hours

Baking time -35 minutes

Makes 1 large round challah

The recipe uses a mixer with a dough hook, but you can easily use your hands. 

ingredients 

2 Tbsp/20g flaxseed

1 cup + 2 Tbsp (246g) warm milk or almond milk

6 Tbsp/60g olive oil

1 tsp active dry yeast

1¼ cups/150g whole spelt flour

2¼ cups/350g white spelt flour

¼ cup/40g light brown sugar

1 tsp fine rock salt

toppings

oat milk, for brushing

black and white sesame seeds

preparation 

1.  In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook attachment, whisk together the flaxseeds with warm almond milk, oil and yeast. Leave it to sit for 10 minutes, undisturbed until the mixture foams, about 5 – 6 minutes.

2.  Measure out the flour, sugar and salt, whisk together and add to the yeast and milk mixture, turn the machine onto the lowest setting and knead on medium speed for about 5 – 10 minutes.  The dough should be elastic and smooth.  If the dough seems too sticky, add more flour, a tablespoon at a time or if too dry, add more liquid, a tablespoon at a time.

3.  Cover with a damp tea towel and allow the dough to sit in a warm place for 1 – 1½ hours until well risen and doubled in size.  The longer it sits the better the bread.

4.  Take out the dough, knead a little with the heel of your hands and work it into a ball.

plaiting the dough

5.  Divide the dough into four equal pieces, approximately 214g each.  Using your palms, and starting from the center and working outward, elongate 1 piece by rolling it gently against the work surface with even pressure until you have formed a rope approx 23-inches or 60-cm long.  Repeat with the remaining 3 pieces.

6.  Place two strands parallel to one another in a vertical manner. Weave one strand horizontally through the two vertical strands, placing it on top of the left-hand strand and underneath the right-hand strand. Do the same with the remaining strand, but weave it underneath the left-hand strand and on top of the right-hand strand. The strands should sit snug to each other, with no space in between, looking like a large plus sign. (Refer to the photos below and watch this video, it is more difficult to explain than it is to do.)

7.  Starting from the bottom of your plus sign, take the left-hand strand and cross it over the right one. Moving counter-clockwise, do the same for the remaining strands.

8. Now switch directions. Look at the very first strand you crossed at the bottom of your loaf (it should now be horizontal instead of vertical). Take what is now that strand’s right-hand neighbour and cross it over going clockwise. Do that with the remaining strands.

9. Keep switching directions until you have run out of dough to plait. You may have to stretch it a little to weave it all together.

10. Pinch the remaining dough together and tuck them under the loaf so it looks nice and neat. Transfer the braided loaf to the baking tray, brush with oat milk and sprinkle with black and white sesame seeds.

11.  Cover loosely with an oiled plastic wrap or a damp tea towel and set aside in a warm place to rise for 1½ hours.

12.  About 15 minutes before the dough has finished rising, preheat an oven to 180C/350F.  Remove the plastic wrap or towel and bake for 35 minutes, or until golden brown.  Allow the challah to fully cool down before cutting into it.

Shana Tova!

Update:

Here’s another way to make a round challah. Watch this video with very easy instructions. Divide the dough into three pieces and roll each strand into 65cm long and proceed.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

vegetable bath

5th September 2020

We first made this dish with Ganapathi Aarya in the Jivana Yoga Programme, after that I made it once or twice, and then it got tucked away forgotten. It was only when Lior made it one Wednesday after practice that I remembered how delicious it is. Now, it is a dish I make on a weekly basis. I cook the dal and rice separately to keep them fluffy and whole. This does mean you are using three pans for cooking; one for the rice, one for the dal, and then one for the vegetables. If wanting to keep it simple, soak the whole moong dal overnight and cook it with the rice the following day, as in the original recipe.

For serving, grated beetroot and carrot salad with a ginger-lemon-sweet dressing, and raita with dill and a finely sliced cucumber. Use a mandoline for grating the carrot and beetroot and for slicing the cucumber finely. A mandoline is such a useful tool to have in the kitchen, especially for putting together a quick salad. So much so that my son has asked to take one back with him to university!

Vegetable Bath is suitable for all constitutions – it is simple, nourishing and balancing.

Niyamas

“One of the niyamas is santoṣa – “contentment”. Many people are confused when trying to differentiate between contentment and happiness. Contentment is a feeling of satisfaction or completeness. Contentment arises from inside of us. It tends to have a lasting or enduring quality. Happiness is a feeling of pleasure or lightness that tends to be a result of some external reason and is usually fleeting.”

The Sacred Tradition of Yoga by Dr. Shankaranarayana Jois

vegetable bath

Preparation 45 minutes

Serves 3

All spice measurements are heaped unless otherwise stated.

ingredients 

¼ cup/50g whole moong dāl + 2 cups water

¾ cup/150g white basmati rice + 1¾ cups water

½ cup/40g dried shredded coconut

1½ – 2 heaped tsp sambar powder (moderately spiced)

flat tsp fine rock salt

1 tsp ghee

¼ cup coriander leaves, chopped

voggarane

⅓ cup/80ml peanut or coconut oil

½ heaped tsp black mustard seeds

⅛ heaped tsp asafoetida powder

⅛ heaped tsp turmeric powder

20 fresh curry leaves

3 cups/350g beans, carrot, capsicum

¾ cup water

½ flat tsp fine rock salt

preparation

1.  In a small saucepan, rinse the dāl, add 2 cups of water and simmer for 20 – 25 minutes, set aside.

2.  In a large-sized pan, wash the rice, drain, add 1¾ cups water, bring up to boil, then reduce heat to maintain a rapid simmer. Simmer, uncovered for 8 – 10 minutes or until water evaporates and the rice is cooked, turn off the heat. Cover, set aside for 10 minutes. Add the cooked dāl.

3. Cut vegetables into small uniform pieces and measure remaining ingredients.

voggarane

4.  In a skillet, over medium heat, add the oil and mustard seeds; when the seeds turn grey and pop, add asafoetida, turmeric powder and curry leaves, fry for a few seconds, add vegetables – mix well.

5.  Add water and ½ tsp salt, simmer uncovered until vegetables soften – 8 minutes, stir once or twice.

6.  To the rice and dal, add the vegetables, coconut, sambar powder, remaining salt, ghee and coriander. Combine well and serve.

serve

Twice a week, as a morning or midday meal, across all seasons.

variation

Using a pressure cooker; combine all ingredients including the vegetables, alongside the separately fried voggarane with 2 cups water. Cook for 3 whistles – set aside until the pressure has subsided.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

steamed green beans

19th August 2020

Lately, I been working in the garden in the mornings. I found that the sun is softer and the areas that need work are in the shadier parts at that time. Early this morning, I picked some green beans to go along with Monday’s Pepper Rasam. Later that morning I returned to the garden and started pottering around, feeding the plants with compost, and staking up a few bean bushes – to my surprise, despite thinking I had picked all the beans earlier, I found myself walking away with another handful. The thing with beans, and even cucumbers to a lesser extent, is that you really need time and patience when harvesting them. There is much happiness to be had in rummaging through the leaves in search of their elegant, dangling pods. Just when you think you have picked them all, there’s still more hiding behind their foliage. It’s important to approach the plant from different angles and heights, squatting down to their level, even then you can still miss a few…

I planted a few varieties of beans this season: romano pole bean, small french finger bush beans, and a long climbing snake bean. And for the first time, I planted another climbing variety in a pot on our balcony, so it can climb up the iron gate outside our kitchen door.

I have been staggering the sowing for a continuous supply, late May-early June, then another crop in July, and again in the last week of July. The hot season seems to come later each year, enabling another harvest just before the cooler weather hits by early November.

The better quality and fresher the beans, the better tasting this recipe. Serve with, pepper rasam, simple dal or pongal.

steamed green beans

Steaming beans, rather than boiling help keep their colour and flavour.

Preparation 10 minutes

Serves 3

ingredients

350g green beans

2 Tbsp ghee

freshly ground pepper

Himalayan salt

preparation

1. Wash the beans and trim the ends. Leave them whole or cut in half.

2. Set a steaming basket in a medium saucepan filled with 1 – 2 inches water, once boiling simmer over high heat for 5 – 7 minutes, depending on how tender or crisp you like them.

3. Discard the water in the saucepan.  Add the beans and ghee, season with salt and pepper. Toss to coat. Serve and enjoy!

other recipes using green beans

toor dal, mung beans, green bean and dill palya

vegetable bath

green bean palya

simple yellow dal with green beans and cabbage

summer garden palya

moong dal sambar with green beans

moong dal with garden greens

carrot and green bean rasam

green moong dal with Indian spices

a buttery herbed pilaf

bisi bele bath

Kristin’s Moroccan stew

gentle Indian spiced vegetable stew

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

All rights reserved © Goodness is…. · Theme by Blogmilk + Coded by Brandi Bernoskie